How to Apply WebLogic Patches

Oracle has released a patch for the latest CVE against WebLogic, so I wanted to walk though the steps to apply the patch to WebLogic and show how to use Smart Update. Smart Update is the utility used by WebLogic to apply patches to your installation.

UPDATE 12/8/2015 Thanks to Matt Tremblay for pointing out, WebLogic 12.1.2+ is now using OPatch for WebLogic patching. Look for an second WebLogic patching post soon about using OPatch with WebLogic.

Smart Update 3.3.0

Version 3.3.0 is the latest version and is included with WebLogic 10.3.5 and later. If you launch Smart Update and find that its an older version, go grab version 3.3.0 (Patch 12426828).

Launching Smart Update

On Windows, if you chose to create a Program Group, you can launch Smart Update from the Start Menu under the “Oracle WebLogic” folder. Or, you can launch it from the command line:

%BEA_HOME%utilsbsubsu.cmd

The first time you run Smart Update, it may ask you to provide a %BEA_HOME% path. Give the path to your BEA Home (e.g, e:oracle).

If you receive an error: “Unable to locate any supported product installations” or “The BEA Home directory selected does not contain any supported patch targets”, check out MOS Documents 946541.1 or 1063605.1 for the fix.

Applying Patches

In the Smart Update window, you will see the installed applications in the left pane. Make sure “WebLogic” is selected. On the right, the top pane shows you patches that have been applied. The lower pane displays patches in your download directory that are waiting to be applied.

By default, Smart Update will look for patches under %BEA_HOME%utilsbsucache_dir for patches. To start Smart update and have it look at a different path, use the -patch_download_dir=[path] flag or select File > Preferences to change the directory.

To apply a patch, click the green arrow in the “Downloaded Patches” pane for the patch. Smart Update will check for patch conflicts and the apply the patch.

Command Line

You can also run Smart Update from the command line. This is great when you have multiple servers to patch. Running bsu.cmd -help will give you all the options you need when scripting.

Let’s Fix CVE-2015-4852

Since we have new patches to fix CVE-2015-4852 (T3/Java Deserialization), let’s use those as our example. Go to this page to find the applicable patch (or patches if you are on 10.3.6) to apply.

Extract Patches

Download the patches you need and unzip them. Copy the .jar and .xml files from the patch folders to your web server. I put the patch files under e:patchescve-2015-4852 on the web server. We will tell Smart Update to use this directory. (Since we are running WebLogic 10.3.6, there are two patches to install in our example.).

Apply Patches

Before you apply any patches, make sure to stop any web servers running on the server. If don’t, Smart Update won’t be able to patch .jar files that are in use.

Let’s run Smart Update from the command line. Open a command prompt and navigate to %BEA_HOME%utilsbsu. We need to pass these values to the bsu program:

  • -install
  • -patch_download_dir=e:patchescve-2015-4852
  • -patchlist=EJUW (note, this is not the patch number, but the PSU Patch ID)
  • -prod_dir=e:oraclewlserver_10.3
  • -verbose

So, my command to apply the first CVE patch looks like this:

bsu -install -patch_download_dir=e:patchescve-2015-4852 -patchlist=EJUW -prod_dir=e:oraclewlserver_10.3 -verbose

I had to change the memory settings for Smart Update. In the bsu.cmd file, I modified the set MEM_ARGS line:

set MEM_ARGS=-Xms512m -Xmx1024m -XX:PermSize=64m -XX:MaxPermSize=128m -Xss512k

Smart Update will give you a “Success” message, or an error message. Next, let’s apply the second CVE patch:

bsu -install -patch_download_dir=e:patchescve-2015-4852 -patchlist=ZLNA -prod_dir=e:oraclewlserver_10.3 -verbose

Verify WebLogic Version

To verify WebLogic has the new patches, we can run two commands. The first command is to set the environment with:

%WL_HOME%serverbinsetWLSEnv.cmd

Then, run the command:

java weblogic.version

The output will look similar to this:

[code lang=”text”]
WebLogic Server Temporary Patch for BUG22248372 Tue Nov 24 00:35:04 MST 2015
WebLogic Server 10.3.6.0.12 PSU Patch for BUG20780171 THU JUN 18 15:54:42 IST2015
WebLogic Server 10.3.6.0 Tue Nov 15 08:52:36 PST 2011 1441050
[/code]

Another option to check the version of WebLogic is using the Smart Update utility:

bsu -prod_dir=e:oraclewlserver_10.3 -status=applied -verbose -view

The output shows that we have applied the 10.3.6.0.12 and CVE patch. Now, restart all your web servers and start testing!

5 thoughts on “How to Apply WebLogic Patches

  1. Hi Dan

    Thanks for the post, unfortunately they have discontinued Smart Update as of 12.1.2.

    –https://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1212/core/OPATC/toc.htm#OPATC104
    For Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c (12.1.2), Smart Update is no longer supported. Instead, Oracle WebLogic Server users can use OPatch to apply patches for both Oracle WebLogic Server and for Oracle Fusion Middleware.

  2. Thanks Matt – Qn: do we need to use same user id that we used to install weblogic on windows or can we use any uid with admin access for patching ?

    i know on unix platforms – we need to be as same uid for patching as did for installs..

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